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Open Access Highly Accessed Review

Application of medical gases in the field of neurobiology

Wenwu Liu1, Nikan Khatibi2, Aishwarya Sridharan2 and John H Zhang23*

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Diving Medicine, The Second Military Medical University, Shanghai, China

2 Department of Anesthesiology, Loma Linda Medical Center, Loma Linda, California, USA

3 Department of Neurosurgery, Loma Linda Medical Center, Loma Linda, California, USA

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Medical Gas Research 2011, 1:13  doi:10.1186/2045-9912-1-13

Published: 27 June 2011

Abstract

Medical gases are pharmaceutical molecules which offer solutions to a wide array of medical needs. This can range from use in burn and stroke victims to hypoxia therapy in children. More specifically however, gases such as oxygen, helium, xenon, and hydrogen have recently come under increased exploration for their potential theraputic use with various brain disease states including hypoxia-ischemia, cerebral hemorrhages, and traumatic brain injuries. As a result, this article will review the various advances in medical gas research and discuss the potential therapeutic applications and mechanisms with regards to the field of neurobiology.

Keywords:
Medical gases; Gas pre-conditioning; oxygen therapy; hydrogen therapy